The Congress will emphasize the need to extend new technologies throughout the territory in order to favor strategic management, improve accessibility to goods and services, and increase the development of new knowledge, both in urban and rural environments. Improving communication leads to a more solidary and accessible mobility of people, goods, services, and information. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can also encourage participation and, therefore, improve the transparency of the various public administrations of a territory.
The Congress, understood as a space for reflection, will address the sustainability of all the processes that take place in a territory. The use of new technologies can be a fundamental tool to guide the diverse transformation dynamics in a respectful way with the environment. Therefore, when talking about smart cities, we do not only mean cities or city systems, but intelligent territories built by human beings throughout history. We talk about Smart Landscapes as a constructed reality that must be based on social, economic and environmental sustainability. Thus, in this International Congress, ICTs will be presented as fundamental tools to develop a knowledge society, guaranteeing efficiency in the management and projection of new places to live.
Along with all this, the Congress will investigate a fundamental activity in the Cuyo region of Argentina: Agroindustry. This sector appears to be one of the areas with the greatest growth potential. In particular, viticulture as agro-industrial production with increasing value added, constitutes an exportable activity with environmental, productive, territorial and social sustainability. To maintain and expand these goals, it is fundamental to promote associativity and technological innovation to optimize the productive matrix, as an important strategy for the economic, social and territorial development of the Cuyo region. Regarding this, the Province of Mendoza has an ICT Industrial Park that constitutes a public, private and academic linking system where collaborative work is done to promote a sustainable future for technology companies.
This will be a fundamental space to promote Mendoza and its flagship brand: Mendoza Malbec. Featuring this brand as one of the eight most important in the world may be the great contribution of the Mendoza context to the Congress. The new viticulture has influenced the structure of the city systems and our way of understanding and producing, not only urban-rural territory, but also architecture as an expression of a society that seeks to strengthen its cultural heritage in spaces destined to wineries, fairs, restoration, etc., as well as infrastructure for the production of goods and services derived from this activity.
From the perspective of from intelligent planning, government, economy and territory include management technologies as well as services for citizens and businesses. The Government of Smart Landscapes improves citizen participation, and makes city management increasingly transparent and open. Electronic Administration enables citizens to have better access to and management of goods and services through digital systems. From an Economic perspective, smart cities and strategically managed rural territories boost innovation and development of new jobs, companies and services.
Urban mobility is the movement of people and goods in a city to cover the distance separating different places. It can be done on foot or through various means or systems of transportation: bicycle, car, bus, subway, etc. Problems that arise from urban mobility, such as wasting time and pollution, are one of the main challenges for cities. Smart cities are working to solve these problems with the aid of traffic management platforms, apps to facilitate mobility, electric vehicles, and new means of individual and public transport, such as autonomous vehicles, etc.
In the context of urban extension, Smart Landscapes can improve the socioeconomic development and environmental quality of the territory, where public and private sectors can play a strategic role to meet the objectives proposed in this international event. New urban and architectural projects should be oriented towards these results, integrating ICTs to sustainable development.
Smart Landscapes have to seek the intelligent use of energies, beginning with the systems of production and development of services. The analysis and evaluation of strategies applied to the production of goods and services should be aimed at transforming the territory from a sustainable view of the systems and their processes through the use of ICTs.
Water is an increasingly scarce resource which demands a more efficient and controlled management in arid areas such as the Cuyo region, but also in numerous places with similar conditions (remember that the planet is exposed to a global desertification). The strategic management of this resource based on ICT becomes fundamental to achieve a sustainable development over time. Thus, the integration of other variables, such as vegetation in the city, is key to the wellbeing and health of inhabitants and the ecosystem. We must also minimize our waste production and improve its collection and treatment to enhance the circular economy.